First Committee of the United Nations General Assembly

2018/11/20

Background

The First Committee of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) and the United Nations Disarmament Commission (UNDC) are subsidiary organs of the UNGA, where the issues of disarmament and non-proliferation are discussed collectively among all the members of the UN. The First Committee is held in October after two weeks of the general debate of the UNGA. The UN First Committee discusses all topics related to disarmament and international security.

Characteristics

Due to decision from the first Special Session on Disarmament (SSOD1) of the UNGA held in 1978, it was decided that the First Committee should deal “only with questions of disarmament and related international security questions,” which has remained its primary focus ever since. Every year the Committee adopts a large number of disarmament-related resolutions, which are of significant importance for indicating trends in disarmament and non-proliferation, as well as issues ripe for negotiation.

Member States

All UN  Member States

Term

Five weeks every autumn after the general debate of the UNGA.

Japan's Resolutions

Nuclear Disarmament Resolution
Since 1994, Japan has annually submitted a resolution on nuclear disarmament, which is consistently adopted by an overwhelming majority of UN member states. The content of the resolution is revised based on the outcomes of the NPT Review Conference, which is convened every five years. Since the 2015 NPT Review Conference did not reach consensus on the Final Document, Japan’s latest resolution was revised to entitle “United action with renewed determination towards the total elimination of nuclear weapons” to call for concrete actions by the international community for a world free of nuclear weapons. 

Small Arms and Light Weapons Resolution
Japan has long been active in the field of small arms and light weapons, submitting a resolution on this issue to the UNGA almost every year since 1995, and together with Colombia and South Africa since 2001. These resolutions have been adopted annually by consensus or with the overwhelming support of the UN member states.


<Links>

MOFA Web Page on the First Committee of the United Nations General Assembly

Japan's Statements (First Committee of the United Nations General Assembly)