Conference on Disarmament (CD)

2018/11/20

Characteristics/ Past Achievements

Characteristics
In 1979, the Conference on Disarmament (CD) was established as the single multilateral disarmament negotiating forum of the international community, following the first Special Session on Disarmament (SSOD-I) of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). The CD is independent of other international organizations, but the Geneva Branch of the UN Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA) functions as the CD’s Secretariat. All decisions of the CD are adopted by consensus among its member states.

Past Achievements
Important disarmament treaties produced by the Conference on Disarmament:
Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) (1968)
Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BWC) (1972)
Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) (1993)
Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) (1996)

States Parties

Currently, the membership consists of 65 countries. Japan's participation in the work of the CD began in 1979.
The members are grouped into four regional groups:
-Western European and Others Group (WEOG): Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Republic of Korea, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States;
-Eastern European Group (EEG): Belarus, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, Romania, Russian Federation, Ukraine;
-Group of 21 (G-21): Algeria, Bangladesh, Brazil, Cameroon, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ecuador, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Senegal, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Zimbabwe; 
-Group of One: China.

Term/ Presidency

The schedule for the 2020 Session
Part I: 20 January – 27 March
Part II: 25 May – 10 July
Part III: 3 August – 18 September

Presidency
Each member state, in alphabetical order, serves a four week term.
2020: Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Belarus

Activities/ Agenda Items

Activities
The work of the Conference primarily takes place during the weekly plenary meetings. Each year an agenda and program of work are adopted in the plenary meetings, and activities are based upon these documents.  A report on these activities is submitted to the UN General Assembly annually.

 Core Agenda Items
1) Cessation of the nuclear arms race and nuclear disarmament.
2) Prevention of nuclear war, including all related matters.
3) Prevention of an arms race in outer space (PAROS).
4) Effective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon states against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons (NSA).
5) New types of weapons of mass destruction and new system of such weapons; radiological weapons.
6) Comprehensive programme of disarmament.
7) Transparency in armaments.
8) Consideration and adoption of the annual report and any other report, as appropriate, to the General Assembly of the United Nations.